How to get rid of Bats – A detailed guide

Nowadays, bats aren’t confined anymore to caves and forests. Instead, these creatures have now adapted to the slow spreading of urbanization amongst rural areas. They are nocturnal creatures, meaning that they only move around when the sun is down. Otherwise, they are to be seen sound asleep while upside down in dark places.

Because of their reluctance to sunlight, they are mostly found inside cold and hidden places. However, this is not only limited to the wilds. They can also convert any dark place that is not frequented by humans into their own homes. This is when they start to become pests.

The difficult part in having bats as pests in your house is the fact that they come across as scary for many due to the large amount of folklore that is negatively associated with them. After all, some thrive on blood for food, a fact which easily scares most people.

Bats

All over the world, there are about 980 species of bats. Out of all of these, about 40 species are found around the United States. They are mammals, which means that they are of the same class which dogs, cats, and humans belong in. They are mostly active during the night. They are not necessarily blind when the sun is out, however, during the night, they have to see using echolocation. Basically, whenever they make noises, they will determine how fast the sound vibrations return to their side which tells them how far something is in front of them.

They are the only known mammals to have wings. Their colors range from black to brown.

What do they eat?

What propagates fear with bats is the fact that some of them feed on blood. There are only 3 species which does this, though. Most of them eat small insects, fruits, or fish. This is why they mostly frequent around forest areas. If one happens to be near your property, it means that there is a steady source of pests around your area.

How can they be dangerous?

Though rare, bats that feed on blood are still dangerous for humans. These bats have long and sharp teeth that can easily pierce through human skin. They are not known to prioritize humans though.

The danger that is common with bats is their tendency to be rabid. Bats who contract rabies are usually not easy to distinguish from those who don’t. This is why it is better to avoid them totally. Their rabies are not only spread through bites but also through saliva, tissue, and body fluids. If they happen to be inside your house, their rabies may spread if they happen to have contact with you.

Aside from this, their droppings also carry the risk of having diseases. One of these is histoplasmosis, which can be contracted from the fungus that grows on their droppings. These can spread through the air. Aside from this, the ticks and mites that they carry on their bodies may also bite humans.

How do you trap them?

Rat traps are available on the market. They can be used by putting food inside and waiting for a rat to come inside while the door closes the after. This is usually done inside the attic where they are usually found inside homes.

However, the problem is with the fact that bats are usually big. Some are even bigger than cats in some regions. Because of this, traps can only trap one at a time, making it an inconvenient problem. Another problem is the fact their droppings may gather when trapped, which would make your attic even more prone to carrying diseases. Also, even though bats aren’t usually aggressive, they may attempt to bite you if desperate. Rabid bats may infect you instantly if you aren’t careful enough.

Some also attempt to put food in sticky traps. Because the idea of touching bats may scare a lot of people, some leave them to starve in these traps, which would be an inhumane and slow process of killing them.

Not to mention, it may also be illegal inside your state to kill or hurt bats. This is due to wildlife conservation attempts.

Bat repellents

To ensure that bats do not enter your attics, you may try setting up some natural repellents to drive them away. Some of these include human hair, peppermint, and cinnamon. These are also applicable for some other pests like rodents and birds.

Another good repellent is bright lights. Because bats are nocturnal creatures, they generally prefer to stay in places that are dark. If they happen to be in your attic, you may try to install bright lights which can make them irritated, therefore driving them away from your house.

Some people also use predator urine from wolves and coyotes. These claim to drive away pests because they can remind them of the smell of predators that can hunt them, therefore, driving them away. Some also put mothballs as repellents.

Some also use electronic devices that emit high-frequency waves which they claim can drive away pests.

However, if you are planning to set up repellents, make sure that it does not harm or kill the bats. Some states have laws that make it illegal to do so.

Bat poison

Some bat poison are commercially available. However, it is generally not recommended to use poison for any type of pests as most of them are prey to large predators. When they eat poisoned food, they will not instantly die, meaning that predators can come and eat them faster. When the latter eats the bats out of natural instinct, they too will die. This will damage ecological balances and the order of the food chain.

In the end, it is better to use repellents and deterrents to keep these birds away. Bat traps still gives the possibility of the bats returning while bat poison can hurt the environment and other animals. Also, it is illegal to harm or kill bats in most states.

The best way to get rid of them

At the end, the best way to get rid of them is to make sure that they have no entry points towards your house. After all, they can only enter your house either through an unattended front door, an open window in the attic, or just generally any open holes in your through which they can fit through.  By sealing these with mesh wires, you can prevent the entry of bats. This can also prevent the entry of other pests like rats, pigeons, and opossums.

As stated above, they are nocturnal creatures, which means that they will generally avoid places that are bright. A house that is filled with lights are commonly avoided by bats.

If they, however, manage to enter your house and multiply inside your attic, the best way to eradicate them would be to call for wildlife extermination services. After all, having many bats in your attic may lead to them being hostile to people. Aside from this, the combination of their droppings in a small space may cause diseases to be easily spread through the air.

Q&A

1. How do you get rid of bats in attics?

Because bats are nocturnal creatures, they will naturally look for places that are dark and away from human activity. This is why they mostly prefer to stay inside attics.

To successfully get rid of them, here is a step-by-step process

  • First, observe them fly from inside your house during the night. This is because they only move during dusk. Observe their entry and exit points inside your house. It is usually an exposed window, hole, or even your main door.
  • After that, seal these entry points. If it is a hole in the wall, cover it with wood. Exposed windows must be immediately closed. If the bats enter your house through your main door, make sure to only open whenever you will use it. This will prevent the bats from returning your house. After all, they can only hunt for food outside of your house.
  • After days of not having these unwelcome visitors in your house, make sure to clean their droppings afterwards. It is crucial for you to disinfect the floor immediately to make sure that the diseases they carry won’t be spread in the air.
  • It is important for you to remember that this should not be done during the summer because this is usually the time when bats mate. Doing this during this season may result to baby bats inside your house. They are still incapable of flying, and therefore, may starve to death inside your house. It is illegal to harm or kill bats, so it is important to prevent this from happening.

2. How do you get rid of bats in barns?

Because barns are dark and silent during the nights, they may be a good place for bats to stay in. It also has a huge space wherein they can easily hide.

To successfully get rid of them, here is a step-by-step process

  • First, observe them fly from inside the barn during the night. This is because they only move during dusk. Observe their entry and exit points inside the barn. It is usually an exposed window, or hole.
  • After that, seal these entry points. A barn usually has lot of open holes. To successfully cover this, you may use mesh wires so that ventilation will still be available inside.
  • After days of not having these unwelcome visitors in the barn, make sure to clean their droppings afterwards. It is crucial for you to disinfect the floor immediately to make sure that the diseases they carry won’t be spread in the air.
  • You may also try installing lights that can be turned on overnight as bats are known to be irritated of this.
  • It is important for you to remember that this should not be done during the summer because this is usually the time when bats mate. Doing this during this season may result to baby bats inside your house. They are still incapable of flying, and therefore, may starve to death inside your house. It is illegal to harm or kill bats, so it is important to prevent this from happening.

3. How do you keep bats away?

Because bats are nocturnal, they are naturally irritated of bright lights which may resemble sunlight. You may try installing these in places where they usually visit (like the attic). Other repellents include predator urine, human hair, and cinnamon.

Types of bats

If you happen to see bats around you area, it might be better for you to know about which type they are. After all, the percentage of bats that are known to consume blood is only very little. Most of them eat insects, fruits, and the likes.

  • Egyptian Fruit bat or the Flying Fox

They are called the Flying Fox because of their resemblance to foxes. Their most noticeable features include long snouts, round eyes, brown fur, and soft fur. Because of this, they resemble canine features, which explains their second name.

The difference between males and females is the large scrotal sacks of the former which is very prominent. This type of bats are mostly found in India and Africa. They are known to live in colonies with large numbers, with numbers that are more than a thousand.

They are known to eat fruits and nectar. Because of this, they are considered pests in farms as they often swoop to the lands to eat during the night, making it impossible for the farmers to capture them. Because of this, some of the fruits that are tended to are filled with pesticides, which kills off a large part of their population.

They use echolocation in order to look for food. This is when they use high-pitched squeals and sounds. The sound waves will then travel back to them to tell if something is far away or near them.

  • Fruit bat

The fruit bat is most known for their excellent vision. Amongst all of the types of bats, they are known to be one of those with the best sight. This is especially helpful for them.

An interesting anatomical fact is that their tongues are known to roll back down to their rib cages whenever not in use, meaning that it does not rest in their mouths. Their teeth are known to be very sharp, capable of penetrating through the fleshes of fruits.

Fruit bats are known to eat fruits and insects. Whenever they eat fruit, though, they will only penetrate until the nectar of it contrary to popular belief that they swallow the whole food to consume it.

Their known predators include humans, snakes, and weasels, which may attack them from their hiding spots. They are known to hide in dark places, specifically those that are near sources of water.

  • Vampire bats

These bats are responsible for the reputation of bats being bloodthirsty creatures. They are known for giving way to myths and folklore to flourish, ones that stay even to today’s popular culture.

The biggest reason for this is the fact that they do rely on blood to feed. They are known for opening their mouths wide enough for their teeth to be shown, which is often a scary sight for many. What makes it even scarier is the fact their teeth are sharp enough to pierce through animal skin. They will puncture through the skin and then start to suck on the blood of their prey.

They are also known to have strong legs, which makes it possible for them to walk. If they do not want direct confrontation, they may attempt to follow a bleeding prey which may leave behind a trail of blood for them to drink.

Although creatures that drink blood for food isn’t rare, an interesting fact for this type of bat is that they are the only mammals to do so. As if being a winged one isn’t unique enough, their diet is also distinct for them. There is no known evolutionary reason for this.

The chemical in their bodies that allows this to happen without the blood being clotted inside their bodies is called Draculin, which is found in their saliva.

Although their mere presence may look evil to some them, they are actually known to be one of the most social amongst the bats. The mothers are known to be protective of their offspring. When a mother does not return to their roosting nest, older ones will automatically assume its role. They are also known to be generous with their food. If a vampire bat is unable to get food for today’s hunt, a fellow bat will share its regurgitated blood to its ally, which feeds the former. This is a social trait that is rarely found amongst bats.

Their features are easily differentiated by their pudgy, rat-like face. Their faces are easily distinguishable from fruit bats which usually have long, canine-like snouts. Aside from their resemblance to rodents with their snouts, they are also alike with the former in terms of their ears which are pointed and raised.

They are often seen in Central and South America.

  • Bumblebee bat

This type of bat is unique because of its small size. It is the smallest type of bat which makes them capable of squeezing through tiny holes. It is actually very small that it may be smaller than the hands of most humans.

Another term for it is Hog-nosed bat, which is explained by their flat noses.

Their colors are unique from the others as their range from red to grey, which is opposite to the usual black or blue colors of bats. Even though they are tiny, their arms and legs are known to be quite strong.

Their main mechanism for traveling and seeing through the dark is by echolocation. By doing small noises and screeches, they estimate the distance of things in front of them. This helps them be able to navigate in the dark.

Another big contrast with them in comparison to other bats is the fact that their colonies are only made up of about a hundred to 500 bats, which is small in comparison to most species that have a minimum of at least a thousand.

Their main source of food is insects, which might be because of their small sizes. They are known to inhabit places that are near sources of water.

Because of their small size, they are particularly easy to hunt for large birds like eagles and hawks which can easily follow them. Aside from the mentioned ones, they are also hunted by terrestrial creatures like snakes and cats.

  • Giant golden-crowned flying fox

This type of bats are known because of their gold color. Their snouts resemble foxes. They are known to be only seen in the Philippines, specifically in Mindanao.

An interesting fact about this creature is the fact that they regularly wash their bodies in the water, which is not done by most of the other types of bats.

They are known to eat fruits. After eating them, they will spread the seeds to nearby lands as to help it increase in number.

Because of the fact that they are only seen in the Philippines, their numbers are now endangered. They are often hunted by humans. Along with the constant deforestation in their areas, they are continuously decreasing in amount as time passes by.

If bat infestations and similar pest problems persist, the best solution would be to call for wildlife removal services.

How To Get Rid of Raccoons

Among all house pests, raccoons are considered to be one of the smartest and cunning out of all. They are known to be adapted in all areas, able to open doors, destroy wires, and slip inside houses to track down food sources for them ravage through. They are not one to simply enter houses while mindlessly leaving their traces behind. They are known to be even more abundant in urban areas rather than in rural areas, which is a contrast from most pests who prefer to have more space for roaming around. This means that they have easily adapted to the lifestyle of humans. We always recommend to get help from a professional raccoon removal expert.

How do you get rid of them?

1. Raccoon baits

Raccoons are attracted inside the house with 1) an exposed food source and 2) an unsanitary condition. Combine these two and you’re basically asking for them to come inside your house.

However, the food source is not limited to actual human food. In fact, just leaving your garbage exposed to the outside can bait these raccoons. After all, they are not picky eaters. They will eat anything that is not entirely toxic.

To successfully bait and trap a raccoon, you must look for foods that are aromatic and easy to spot. Examples of this include meat, fish, peanut butter, and dog food. These foods are sure to attract racoons, especially the peanut butter (because of its smell).

Raccoon traps are usually illegal for most states. This is because most are inexperienced with trapping raccoons. Because they are smart, they usually manage to slip by these traps or if manage to injure themselves while attempting to do so. Because of this, wildlife conservation acts make it illegal for people to try to attempt them and relocate them.

Be sure to check the laws in your state about trapping first before attempting to do so. In the end, the best people to do the trapping is wildlife removal services.

2. Rodent repellents

Even though they are present in the most unsanitary places, some natural ingredients still repel these pests. After exterminating them from your house, you should start putting some repellents to make sure that they don’t return. Aside from the most basic tip of making sure that your house is clean and to cover all entry points for raccoons inside your house, you should also put some natural repellents inside your house or garden.

For starters, peppermint oil is very effective against racoons. The smell of it naturally repels them as for some reason, they really hate the smell of it. Other repellents include pepper and cloves. 

Another natural repellent is using the urine of natural predators. Analyze the food chain and you will see that raccoons are placed amongst the bottom of it. This means that a lot of predators naturally hunt for them, and using their urine might be to your advantage. If you have cats in your house, you might consider emptying their litter box at places where chipmunks usually goes to. Other predator urines can also be bought online, some of which include coyote urine and wolf urine.

If you are one to experiment products, you may also try devices that radiate sonic waves to repel raccoons. Though many are skeptical about its promised effects, some also claim that the product is useful. Natural repellents may be more effective for raccoons, but it may also be worth a shot to try electric gadgets like these.

3. Rodent poison

Raccoon poisons are available everywhere commercially. They claim to be effective in killing raccoons and controlling their population inside your house. Some of the most recommended ways of using this is to pour it on raccoons baits that are placed near their nests.

However, before using raccoon poison, one must consider its effects afterwards. Not all raccoon poisons work quickly, after all, and most of them will take some time first before being effective. After eating food that has been poisons, raccoons may still be able to move for a while, which means that they can still hide in small spaces inside your houses before they ultimately die.

That spells disaster for most people as raccoons can be skillful in hiding between spaces that are hard to reach. If a raccoon happens to die within a wall or behind furniture that are hard to move, you may have to call for professional help afterwards just to take care of your problem.

Another bad effect with poisoning raccoons is the possibility of killing more than the animal itself. Since raccoons are naturally hunted by animals like foxes and large eagles, you may risk the lives of the latter if they happen to come by raccoons that are already sluggish and weak from poison. In the end, you might poison the predators and kill more than what was necessary.

In the end, what makes raccoon poison better to be avoided is the risks that comes with it and the unpredictability of the time of death of the raccoon after. 



1. Wire mesh

To make sure that gophers will not visit your house, you must install wire meshes around your property. Aside from avoiding raccoons, it may also avoid other pests like voles and squirrels enter your property.

Where they stay in houses

Because they easily adapted to the lifestyle of humans, they are known to enter homes to steal food. Usually, they are attracted to those that have exposed food sources. This may be from the smell of kitchens that have dirty dishes or houses that have openly exposed dog or cat food. They usually hunt for this, the smell attracting them from far away.

When a raccoon sees the possibility of food, they usually go at the first chance. This may come in the form of open windows, dog doors, or through holes in the walls that they themselves may make. They are known to enter houses to live inside attics or chimneys. Basically, if a house presents itself to be hospital for them, they will instantly live inside it and reside in the areas that are far from humans. There, they may start to create families of baby raccoons, multiplying their population as long as food is available for them. This may cause huge headaches for the human inhabitants of the house.

The dangers of them living inside your house

Raccoons are known as wild animals, which means that their droppings and fur carries a lot of diseases. Their droppings may have ringworms on it which can easily transfer to a human host. This is also known as raccoon ringworm. This may mean a heavier and uptight maintenance for your attic as fungi and other diseases may follow next if these droppings are left untreated.

Aside from this, their fur are also known to carry lice and ticks which may also bite humans. Although they may look like pets because of their resemblance to tiny bears, they are actually not as clean as they look. Remember that they rummage around garbage and trash, which means that they are not that conscious of the dirt in their bodies. If children happen to meet one by accident, they may be attracted to touch it, which may in turn leave them with tick or bug bites.

Also, raccoons are susceptible to have rabies. Rabies is a very dangerous virus that kills their host after a short period of displaying wild behaviour. The good news is that the virus is not easily transferrable to humans as that may only happen during its last stages which is usually the time when they are close to dying (drooling, with limbs that are hard to move). This means that they will become uncharacteristically sluggish, making it harder for you to become in contact with them. If you happen to see one though, it will be best for you to avoid it.

Having raccoons in your attic may spell the weakening of the structure for you. Their droppings may cause the floors to become weaker (along with carrying a lot of diseases). They are also known to destroy walls, tear through duct tapes, and rip of wallpapers. This is a reason for you to prioritize eradicating them as quickly as you can.

Another danger that comes with them being in your attic is the fact that their population may grow while inside your house. A single racoon is already a headache on its own. Having multiple of them may spell disaster for you. Another problem attached with it is the fact that if you happen to trap a parent raccoon and relocate them, you may be left with little ones that have no one get food from. This may kill them, and in turn, make your attic smell bad from the decomposing animal bodies.

Behavior

Raccoons are known for being smart thieves that target people’s garbage and trash. They are known to easily navigate through homes, knowing exactly where the food storages are. Because of this, they are usually hard to capture.

Raccoons are smart enough as to be familiar with human behaviour around the house, remembering particular places where food may be available.

Raccoons are known to be nocturnal creatures, which means that they usually operate during the night. Because of this, they are hard to capture if you plan to do it by hand. Also, this makes it harder for humans to determine if it is really a raccoon as other pests may also be culprits for food that disappear during the night (similar pests include rats and squirrels).

If you happen to see raccoons during the day (some people may see interpret this as them being rabid, which may sometimes be true), it may sometimes be just natural. Think of it as a human having a midnight snack of some sorts. (Disclaimer: it might still be dangerous to touch them or to become in contact with them so be sure to avoid them if you happen to see them during the day).

If you hear the dogs barking at night along with garbage that are rummaged through during the day, it might be a sign that a raccoon is frequenting your property. After all, they aren’t easily scared by household pets like cats or dogs. They are also not afraid of humans which makes it a hard task for some to eradicate them without any violence.

How much is to remove raccoons?

The price for removing raccoons will depend upon your chose method. Out of all the recommended removal methods, wire meshes are the most effective. However, using it will bear the most effective results. Second in price are raccoon repellents as some of them needs to be bought in the market for it to be applied in large quantities. Third is the raccoon poison as it also needs to be bought. It is not recommended to use them, though. The cheapest out of all them are raccoon baits.

The best way to remove raccoons

In the end, if you don’t have enough skills in catching pests within your property, it will be better for you to call for removal services. They are experts in catching pests, repelling them, and making sure that they don’t come back to your property.

Appearance

Raccoons are distinguishable by their face which is described as one that has a “mask”, which is unique for them. They are known to have black fur below their eyes. Their snouts can also be compared to canines, mostly the fox. Their tails are notable for being ringed. They are often colored brown to gray.

Children are often attracted to them because of their friendly faces which resemble small bears or foxes. However, they shouldn’t be touched because of the diseases and lice that are present in their bodies. They may also act hostile and may bite if surprised.

Their teeth are also sharp. They mostly use this for biting for food instead of attacking other creatures. They also have long whiskers. Their hands are particularly adept for scavenging through items, which may explain their behavior of going through garbage.

Biology

Raccoons are mammals that are best known for their faces, which are often themes of design for tribes back in the day. Their striped tails, the masks in their faces, and their overall appeal mostly distinguishes them.

They are moderately heavy, the heaviest of them being around 26 kilograms. They belong to the procyonidae family which includes olingos, ringtails, and coatis.

Raccoons are known to be omnivores, which means that they eat both plants and meat.

Additional tip for getting rid of raccoons

  1. If raccoons manage to enter your house and stay inside your attic, it will be better for you to take them by hand or trap them from there. Be sure to catch them quickly, though, as they can be fast and can easily hide in the parts of the room that is hard to reach.
  2. Raccoons are easy to trap in cages as they are opportunistic feeders and will readily go to any available source of food.  They also easily enter cages without hesitation.
  3. If you manage to find raccoons inside your house, you must immediately look for their entry holes. After all, the fact that they entered your house shows that there might be a structural problem in your house. For example, low-lying windows and small wall cracks can be a sign. For those that cannot be covered with concrete or wood for ventilation purposes, you may try putting wires over them to make sure that raccoons cannot squeeze past it.
  4. Raccoons can also target your root crops and the likes. If you notice raccoons entering your garden to steal these from you, you may try setting up wire meshes to make sure that they do not cross over. Aside from this, you may also try putting these away from where raccoons usually go. This might make you safe from raccoons, but other pests that can burrow underground can still be a problem for you, though.
  5. As mentioned above, common repellents like mothballs and predator urine are usually put by some as to drive pests away. However, most of them are actually ineffective because of these creatures’ tolerance to smell. After all, they hunt for food in the garbage, meaning that they are not picky in any way. A particular strong smell won’t bother them.
  6. Raccoons are very smart pests, which means that they’ll probably be able to memorize the interior of your house if they manage to sneak inside it for a few times. Because of this, you must immediately target the pest problem inside your house to prevent making the extermination process harder.

Raccoon babies

If raccoons manage to sneak inside your house and into your attic, there’s a good chance that they’re probably turning it into their home. Because of this, they will mate and give birth there, which may spell disaster for you if the parent raccoons die. Without their parents, the younger raccoons will die and decompose in your attic, which may cause further problems for you.

They usually mate during the winter up to the spring.



Q&A

1. How do you get rid of raccoons in the attic?

Raccoons in the attic can be removed by using traps. Do not use poison to kill them as their corpses may leave a smell that will linger in your house even after being removed. It is also more humane to simply trap them and release them outside after.

It is also a good idea to call for wildlife removal services if you aren’t skilled enough as to build a trap in your attic as it may be illegal in some states to trap them.

2. How do you get rid of raccoons in your garage?

Raccoons are removed from your garage with the same way with how you remove them in your attic, which is through traps (if legal). To avoid them from coming back, make sure to seal all entry points.

3. What do raccoons eat?

They are omnivores, which means that they eat both plants and meat. They eat berries, fruits, snails, dog food, etc. They are also known to go through people’s garbage to look for food.

4. Can raccoons get rabies?

Yes, they do. Raccoons that are rabid may be distinguished by their lethargic actions, drooling, and basically acting different. It will be best for you to avoid them at all costs to avoid being infected with the virus.

5. Where do raccoons live?

Raccoons easily adapted to the urban expansion, which is why they can live almost anywhere. They are mostly found in yards, barns, and other areas.

6. Do raccoons carry diseases?

Raccoons carry a lot of diseases, which is why you shouldn’t touch wild ones. Their droppings may contain ringworms and their fur may contain lice and ticks that may bite humans.

7. Are raccoons nocturnal?

Raccoons are nocturnal creatures, meaning they prefer to be awake during the night. This is the reason why garbage bins in some houses become scavenged in the night. This is also the reason why some dogs bark loudly in the night.

Raccoon removal services

In the end, gaining knowledge about raccoons, from their habitat, diet, and general behaviour will definitely aid you in trying to get rid of them. However, in the end, it may still be the best decision for you to call for wildlife control services. After all, some states have strict laws about dealing with wildlife, which is why it is better to call for professional services.